Web www.pburch.net
Paula Burch's All About Hand Dyeing
Overview Fiber Reactive Dyes Direct Dyes All-Purpose Dyes Acid Dyes      Food Coloring      Lanaset Dye      Acid Levelling (Kiton) Natural Dyes Vat Dyes Disperse Dyes Basic Dyes Naphthol Dyes Fabric Paints
Index How to Dye with
    Fiber Reactive Dye
How to Tie Dye How to Batik Low Water
Dip Dyeing Washing Machine
How to Tie Dye
    with Kool-Aid®
How to Tie Dye with
     All Purpose Dye
How to Dye and
    Paint Fabric
    with Light
cellulose fibers:     cotton     rayon and
protein fibers:     silk     wool synthetic fibers:     acrylic     nylon     polyester     spandex other materials...
acetic acid alginate ammonium sulfate baking soda citric acid ludigol mordants salt soda ash sodium silicate temperature synthrapol urea vinegar water softener
Index Batik Mandalas &
    Peace Signs
LWI dyeing Watercolor Rainbow
Tie Dyeing Spray Dyeing Fabric Paints and Markers
The Dye Forum Book Reviews Find A Custom Dyer Old Q&A Blog Blog of Questions
     & Answers (new)
Search Contact me Link here About This Site
Where to Buy
    Dye & Supplies
Mailing Lists Other Galleries Other Informative
Additional Links
Index General Dye
Fixing Dye Synthetic Fibers Color Choice Dye Auxiliaries Bleaching and
Safety Procion Dyes Acid Dyes Problems Tying Miscellaneous
Facebook: All About
    Hand Dyeing
Twitter @HandDyeing Google+
Procion MX Dyes Jacquard Acid Dyes Other Dyeing
Fabric Paints, Dyes,
    Books, and DVDs

You are here: Home > All About Hand Dyeing > About Dyes > Acid Dyes > Lanaset Dyes


(For silk, wool, angora, mohair & nylon)

Lanaset dyes
are the most washfast of all dyes for wool. Rich, deep colors.

Books that explain how to use Lanaset dyes

Karren K. Brito's

Shibori: Creating Color and Texture On Silk

Extensive explanations of use of Lanaset dyes in Shibori, including details on discharging Lanasets; also covers one class of acid dyes.
Dagmar Klos's

The Dyer's Companion

a concise book of many dye recipes
Deb Menz's

Color in Spinning

mixing your own colors with Lanaset dyes

Not just for spinners: the detailed information on mixing Lanaset or Novacron dyes to make different colors is invaluable to dyers of yarn and fabric, as well.
Linda Knutson's

Synthetic Dyes for Natural Fibers

includes an appendix about Lanaset dyes
Holly Brackmann

The Surface Designer's Handbook



Twisted Sisters Sock Workbook


About Lanaset Dyes

Lanaset dyes can be used to dye all polyamide fibers: silk, wool, angora, mohair, and nylon. Lanaset dyes include three entirely different classes of dye which work well together, especially when used with the recommended auxiliary, Albegal SET, and which have similar properties.

Sources of Lanaset dyes

Lanaset dyes are sold by several dye suppliers, including Earth Guild, Maiwa, Paradise Fibers, and PRO Chemical and Dye. PRO Chemical and Dye uses their own brand name of Sabraset, and provides a number of in-house mixed colors not available elsewhere. Lanaset are also sold under the brand name Telana. They are manufactured by Huntsman Textile Effects, which purchased the global Textile Effects business of Ciba Specialty Chemicals Inc. in 2006.

Why use Lanaset dyes?

Lanaset dyes are considerably more washfast than most dyes available for use on wool; they are significantly more permanent than the less washfast members of ProChem's WashFast Acid dyes or Jacquard's Acid Dyes, and certainly far more washfast than the strong acid (Kiton) dyes. No other group of dyes that is suitable for hand dyeing is more washfast on wool. Unlike other acid dyes, Lanaset dyes are tested in hot water, at 140°F, conditions under which many acid dyes will wash out or bleed. They are also known for being more lightfast than some of the alternatives, particularly the French silk dyes, such as Sennelier Tinfix. Dyers appreciate the rich, deep coloring provided by Lanaset dyes.

The main disadvantage of Lanaset dyes is that they are made by only one supplier. Not all of the dyes in this series have Colour Index names, which are the generic names used for dyes in other classes. Prices tend to be higher than other acid dyes (though lower than all-purpose dyes); dyers generally agree that they are worth the price. Some of the acid dyes included in Lanaset mixtures are available elsewhere; for example, one of the two black dyes in the Lanaset Black B mixture is acid black 172, available among ProChem's Washfast Acid dyes.

Dye Classes

In her book Synthetic Dyes for Natural Fibers, Linda Knudson wrote that some of the Lanaset dyes are fiber reactive dyes that react with wool, others 1:2 metal complex acid dyes. However, it is clear, from some of the full chemical names and/or structures, that most of the Lanaset dyes that are not metal complex dyes (also known as premetallized dyes) are in fact acid dyes, described elsewhere as being acid milling dyes. They all attach to wool under similar conditions, and may be intermixed freely, so it does not matter a great deal, to the user, which of the Lanaset dyes belong in which class.

Auxilliary chemicals used with Lanaset dyes

Lanaset/Sabraset dyes are used at a mildly acid pH; for example, for one pound (0.5 kg) of fiber in 3 gallons (12 liters) of water, a typical recipe says to use 2 cups (0.5 liter) of distilled white vinegar. In addition, sodium acetate may be used as a pH buffer, to maintain acidity, at a rate of 2 grams per liter (0.5 to 1 ounce per 3.5 gallon dyebath).

Glauber's salt (sodium sulfate) is often used to help level the dye, that is, to produce a smooth single color on the entire batch of wool, instead of coloring some parts strongly and others weakly; typically one cup per pound of fiber in 3.5 gallons of water is recommended.

Albegal SET is a liquid three-product mix, produced by the dye manufacturer, that aids in leveling, to get a smooth solid color. Omitting it makes it more likely that your color will split up into different hues. (This may be desirable for some projects.) It also helps the different colors in the Lanaset group to dye to similar intesities.

Heat is the final requirement. Lanaset dyes must be heated with the fiber, using moist heat, to allow for good bonding to the fiber. This can be accomplished by immersion dyeing in a pot on the stove, or by wrapping the material, covered with wet dye, in plastic wrap, and then steaming.

Correction of faulty dyeing

A technical data sheet [PDF] on Albegal SET, from the Huntsman corporation, suggests its use to lighten Lanaset colors that have come out a little too dark or slightly uneven, by heating the dyed material in water to which 2–3% Albegal SET and 10% Glauber’s salt have been added, with the pH adjusted to 6 with acetic acid, for 30 minutes at 98°C (208°F).

Links to Suppliers' Directions

More details

For more information on Lanaset dyes, including Colour Index names where available, or full chemical names if Colour Index names are unavailable, please see the details in the tables on the page "Which Lanaset dye colors are pure, rather than mixtures?".

Manufacturer's colors in the Lanaset Dye Range

The washfastness and lightfastness information in the table below come from Linda Knutson's book, Synthetic Dyes for Natural Fibers. More detailed information (not always in agreement), can be found in the Huntsman technical bulletin linked above.


Code name


Light- fastness

Wash fastness


Yellow 4G

Sun yellow



Reactive dye mixture. Clear, bright.

Yellow 2R




acid dye. Useful for mixing deep shades and orange.

Orange RN


Brown B


mixture of two metal complex dyes

Red G

Deep red



Reactive dye (though CAS number seems to indicate premetalized acid dye). Dull color useful for mixing browns.

Red 2B




metal complex dye. Clear, bright

Bordeaux   B




mixture of acid red 260 plus a metal complex dye. Dull in color.

Violet B




Reactive dye. Very intense, lovely color

Blue 2R

Royal blue



Acid dye. Clear, bright.

Blue 5G




acid dye. Clear, bright.

Green B


acid dye.

Grey G

Bluish grey

acid dye.

Navy R

Navy blue



Acid dye mixture. Useful for mixing deep, dull shades

Black B

Jet black



Mixture of two metal complex acid dyes. Very strong color; contains chromium

(*Lightfastness is on a scale of 1 to 8, where 8 is most lightfast; washfastness is on a scale of 1 to 5, where 5 is most washfast. Note that Lanaset dyes are washfast to 140°F, unlike most other acid dyes which are tested at a more lenient temperature.)

page         next page
 Home Page     Hand Dyeing Top     Gallery    About Dyes    How to Dye    How to Tie Dye    How to Batik    Low Water Immersion Dyeing    Sources for Supplies    Book Reviews    Other Galleries    Groups    FAQs     Custom Dyers    Forum    Q&A blog    link here    search    contact me  

All of the pages on this site are copyright © 1998-2024 Paula E. Burch, Ph.D.
Page created: May 2003
Last updated: February 12, 2015
Downloaded: Wednesday, May 22, 2024